The system of US presidential elections begins with a marathon that will last about five months and allow the best candidate to win the nomination of his party. The polls are spread from February to June to allow the various candidates to campaign in all states.
The voting can be done in two different ways, depending on the choice of each state:
This type of voting works like the French elections. Voters vote by secret ballot in a voting booth or machine to designate their candidate.
About a third of American States are using the caucuses to elect their candidate. The first caucus traditionally begins in Iowa, a rural state, conservative where religion plays an important role. This vote is a very important symbolic value because it is the first state to cast a vote. In addition, the vote takes place on both sides and gives, therefore, the tone of the presidential campaign begins.
This rather complex system can be compared to a pyramid vote. The first vote share of activists who will elect their representatives at the county level. They themselves will then elect their representatives to the state level. Finally, they will elect their delegates to the national convention.
This is held during the summer before the presidential election. Designated delegates nominally designate officially candidates for the presidency and vice-presidency of the party.
The general election
At the general election in November, voters will go to the polls to elect the electors who will then appoint the chairman.
They make up the “electoral college” and are designated in each State, to elect directly / the President (e). It has as many electors as senators and representatives to Congress by state.
The President of the United States is elected by indirect universal suffrage by the electors. To win the election, a candidate must obtain an absolute majority, or 270 votes. It is also possible for a candidate to lose in total votes but won the election thanks to the vote of the electors.